International Ophthalmology

Outcomes of iStent inject combined with cataract surgery in Asian eyes: Australian data from the Fight Glaucoma Blindness international registry

Brandon Huynh, Getiye Kibret, David Wechsler, Anne Lee, Ridia Lim, Colin Clement, Mitchell Lawlor

Abstract

Purpose: To analyse real-world outcomes in Asian eyes of iStent inject, a second-generation trabecular micro-bypass stent, combined with phacoemulsification.

Methods: This is a multi-centre, observational study of glaucomatous Asian eyes that have undergone iStent inject implantation combined with cataract surgery. Patient data were extracted from the Fight Glaucoma Blindness! Registry. Outcome measures included those of IOP reduction, glaucoma medication reduction, and adverse events including the need for secondary surgery.

Results: 123 eyes of 86 patients with a mean age of 68.4 ± 9.3 years underwent iStent inject implantation with phacoemulsification. At baseline, the mean ± SD preoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) was 16.0 ± 4.4 mmHg, and the mean preoperative number of topical glaucoma medications was 1.9 ± 1.4. At 12 months 30.8% of eyes demonstrated a reduction in IOP greater than 20%, the mean IOP reduction was 12.5% with an additional reduction of 0.7 glaucoma medications. 40% of eyes were using no medications at 12 months compared to 16.3% preoperatively. 8.2% of eyes required a subsequent procedure within the 12-month follow-up window.

Conclusion: iStent inject implantation combined with phacoemulsification in Asian eyes showed a reduction of IOP and glaucoma medication use in a real-world clinical setting. The safety profile of the device is good with minimal adverse outcomes, however, a subset of patients required secondary procedures within the 12 month follow up.

Keywords: Glaucoma; Intraocular pressure; Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery; iStent inject.