Efficacy and follow-up of anti-VEGF injections in diabetic macular edema in real-life practice at the Dijon university medical centre through the Save Sight Registries
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) injections (IVT) in diabetic macular edema (DME) in real-life practice using the Save Sight Registries (SSR).
Material and methods: We conducted an observational, single-centre, retrospective study in the department of ophthalmology of the Dijon University Hospital. We included treatment-naive patients who presented with DME between January 2016 and December 2017. Demographic and clinical data, follow-up visits, and treatments administered were entered into the SSR, an international online ophthalmic registry. Primary endpoints were the change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central subfield thickness (CST) from baseline to 12 and 24 months.
Results: Fifty-eight eyes of 43 patients with a mean [standard deviation (SD)] age of 67.1 [9.5] years were included. Forty-one eyes completed 12 months of follow-up, and 17 eyes completed 24 months of follow up. Median [SD] baseline BCVA was 56.1 [22.9] ETDRS letters and the median [95% confidence interval (95% CI)] baseline CST was 447.9 [161.0] micrometers (μm). Median [95% CI] improvement in BCVA from baseline to months 12 and 24 were respectively, +5.6 [+0.5; +10.7] ETDRS letters and +7.7 [-2.8; +18.2] ETDRS letters. The median [95% CI] decrease in CST from baseline to months 12 and 24 were respectively, -110.9 [-154.5; -67.3] μm and -125.5 [-198.0; -53.0] μm.
Conclusion: Our clinical practice can be evaluated easily with the SSR system. In real life, anti-VEGF IVT are an effective treatment for DME, which result in improved BCVA and decreased CST.