April 2023

Changes in 12-month outcomes over time for age-related macular degeneration, diabetic macular oedema and retinal vein occlusion

Sanjeeb Bhandari, Vuong Nguyen, Adrian Hunt, Pierre-Henry Gabrielle, Francesco Viola, Hemal Mehta, Les Manning, David Squirrell, Jennifer Arnold, Ian L McAllister, Daniel Barthelmes, Mark Gillies


Objectives: To identify whether the outcomes of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), diabetic macular oedema (DMO) and retinal vein occlusion (RVO) in routine clinical practice have changed over time.

Methods: We analysed 12-month outcomes in treatment-naïve eyes that started aflibercept or ranibizumab for nAMD (3802 eyes), DMO (975 eyes), Branch RVO (BRVO, 357 eyes), Central RVO (CRVO, 371 eyes) and Hemi-RVO (HRVO, 54 eyes) from 2015 and 2019 tracked in the prospectively designed observational Fight Retinal Blindness! Registry.

Results: The mean VA change at 12-month for each year between 2015 and 2019 remained stable or otherwise showed no discernible trends over time in eyes with nAMD (+3.3 to +6 letters), DMO (+3.6 to +6.7 letters) and RVO (+10.3 to +11.7 letters for BRVO, +5.9 to +17.7 letters for CRVO and 10.2 to 20.7 letters for HRVO). The median number of VEGF-inhibitor injections in eyes that completed 12-month follow-up also remained stable at 8-9 for nAMD, 6-7 for DMO, 7-9 for RVO. Fewer eyes (<one-fourth) that started treatment between 2015 and 2018 and more eyes starting in 2019 did not complete 12-month's follow-up visit. The mean VA in non-completers at their last visit was higher than that of their baseline visit. Conclusions: Treatment patterns and outcomes for nAMD, DMO and RVO in routine clinical practice have stabilised over the past 5 years at levels inferior to those reported by the pivotal phase 3 studies. A conscious effort to treat these conditions more intensively, or with longer lasting agents, would likely improve outcomes further in our patients.